China’s economy in 4 terrifying charts

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Australian investment bank Macquarie’s “Macro Monday” note on China presents a worrying snapshot of the country’s economy. Headlines have been dominated by the country’s recent stock market collapse, which so far hasn’t spilled over to the wider economy. But, as Macquarie points out, that’s just one of several big issues facing China right now. Here are 4 of the scariest charts:

1. Chinese stocks slumped 10% last
week

Macquarie

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Despite huge levels of intervention from Beijing , stock markets are still diving. Last week alone the benchmark Shanghai Composite fell 10%. Between its peak in June and its low in July the index collapsed over 30%.

Clearly there’s still a huge issue with stock markets right now and that’s a big problem for the government. Millions of ordinary Chinese investors have money tied up in shares and there are fears that if the slump gets any worse it could threaten “social stability.”

2. Exports are dead and investment and
consumption are dying

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The chart above shows the makeup of China’s GDP growth and pretty much everything is falling. Exports, which played a big part in GDP between 2005 and 2007, died in 2009 and don’t look like coming back. Meanwhile investment and consumption — ordinary Chinese spending money on things — are both also shrinking.

3. …and GDP growth is slowing

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Given that all the components of GDP are contracting, it’s no surprise that GDP growth is falling and predicted to keep shrinking. Economists also expect China to miss its projected growth targets and sceptics also believe China’s growth figures are inflated.

4. China’s population is getting older

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To make matters worse, China’s working age population has peaked— the percentage of people aged 15-64 is set to decline over the next 50 years. The means there’ll be fewer people to drive GDP growth and more people depending on GDP growth to service their pensions and healthcare. Not a good combination.
So in conclusion — millions of ordinary Chinese people are caught up in a stock market crisis that could destroying their savings. Meanwhile, consumption is already shrinking, in part causing a slowdown in China’s GDP growth.

And that’s unlikely to pick up in the long run because China is sitting on a demographic timebomb that will lead to higher outgoings.

Infodynamix

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‘It Is Their Right To Serve’- Female Fertility Counselor Replies NYSC

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A Lagos-based female fertility counsellor, Grace has taken a bold step in fighting for pregnant women and nursing mothers who were recently banned by the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC), from serving their
country.

She added that it is their right to serve so they should not use their present status as an excuse to bar them from service. She however suggested that they can allow them to serve in the state or town where their husbands are based.

Grace got married but was unable to conceive for seven years before she was blessed with a child.

Meanwhile, the director general of the NYSC, Brigadier General Johnson Olawumi has dismissed earlier reports of the NYSC banning pregnant women and nursing mothers from enrolling or from orientation camps.

Infodynamix

Nigeria Refinery To Hit 2m Litres Daily By October As It Begins Production

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The Kaduna Refining and Petrochemicals Company (KRPC), is now refining of about 60,000 barrels of crude per day following the rehabilitation of two of the company’s production lines.

The company said it was currently working with a target to release two million litres of petrol daily into the market by October. The Managing Director of the company, Mr. Saidu Muhammed told THISDAY ON Friday that the company was on phased rehabilitation, with a target to hit 60 per cent of its local refining capacity, which is about 2 million litres daily, in the next few months, stating further that there is no reason why the company cannot achieve 6 million litres by early next year.

“We are doing alot at the moment to make sure that we achieve 80 per cent of refining capacity.” He assured that the KRPC’s production level would hit 90 per cent by the second quarter of 2016.

The company has an installed production capacity of 110,000 barrels of crude per day. The managing director said rehabilitation work on the remaining two production lines of the
company would be completed by March 2016.

Freedom Online, however, quoted the Muhammed as urging the Federal Government to safeguard the oil pipeline from Warri to Kaduna from activities of vandals in order to sustain production.

According to him, vandalism remained a major threat to smooth transportation of crude to the refinery. Muhammed, therefore, advised the Federal Government to deploy military personnel to provide maximum security to pipelines in the area. The facility upgrade of the refinery, which started in October 2014 under the Jonathan administration, is to cover 18-months.

The work entails phased and simultaneous rehabilitation of all refineries in the country using in-house and locally available resources and manpower in line with the Nigerian Content Law. It also involved the use of Original Equipment Manufacturer representatives to effect major equipment overhaul and rehabilitation.

The KRPC boss said the resumption of
production would open employment opportunities in both formal and the informal sectors as well as address the lingering fuel scarcity in the northern region.

Muhammed explained that thousands of
transporters would resume lifting of the product, thereby providing employment to truck drivers and other stakeholders. According to him, the development will also boost other businesses including the banking sector.

The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), on Wednesday announced that the Port Harcourt and Warri refineries had resumed full
production after the phased rehabilitation. NNPC operates three refineries with a combined capacity of 445,000 barrels per day (bpd). They
are the 210,000bpd Port Harcourt refinery, the 125,000bpd Warri refinery and petrochemical plant, and the 110,00bpd Kaduna refinery and
petrochemical plant.

The commencement of operations at the Port Harcourt and Warri plants will boost the country’s local refining output and reduce the volume of petroleum products imported into the country.

Infodynamix

10 Bad Effects Of Tramadol

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Tramadol is one of the most abused drug of this generation,it is so bad that it is used illegally by both men and women. Have you ever heard a college student say “Bro,I get match today,abeg
you get tramadol? or I wan jonze, abeg give me tramadol.

Tramadol is used to moderate severe pain. The extended-release form of tramadol is for around-the-clock treatment of pain.

Effects of Tramadol

  1. You should not take tramadol if you have used alcohol, sedatives, tranquilizers, or narcotic medications within the past few hours. Tramadolcan slow or stop you from breathing, especially when you start using this medicine or whenever your dose is changed. Never take tramadol in larger amounts, or for longer than prescribed.
  2. Swallow it whole to avoid exposure to a potentially fatal dose. Using this medicine by inhalation or injection can cause life-threatening side effects, overdose, or death.

  3. Never share the medicine with another person. Misuse of narcotic pain medication can cause addiction, overdose or death especially in a child or other person using the medicine without a prescription.

  4. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant. Tramadol may cause life-threatening withdrawal symptoms in a newborn.

  5. Do not drink alcohol. Dangerous side
    effects or death can occur when alcohol is combined with tramadol.

  6. You should not take tramadol if you are allergic to it or have severe asthma or breathing problems; It can also cause a blockage in your stomach or intestines;

  7. If you have recently used alcohol,sedatives, tranquilizers or narcotic medications.

  8. Seizures have occurred in some people taking tramadol. Talk with your doctor about your seizure risk, which may be higher if you have: a history of head injury, epilepsy or other seizure disorder.

  9. Tramadol may be habit-forming even at regular doses. Take this medicine exactly as prescribed by your doctor.

  10. Babies born dependent on habit-forming medicine may need medical treatment for several weeks. Tramadol can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while you are taking this medicine.

Overdose symptoms may include slow
breathing and heart rate, severe drowsiness,vomiting,cold and clammy skin, fainting, constipation, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain,nervous or anxious feeling, itching, sweating, flushing and DEATH.

Infodynamix

Nigerian Hacking Governors Forum: Amaechi, Akpabio, Uduaghan Hacked Phones Too

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The governor of Bayelsa state, Seriake Dickson, is not the only politician hacking phones and intercepting communication of political peers and rivals in Nigeria.

Almost all recent governors of the South South region of Nigeria intercepted calls and hacked phones and computers, an illegal practice that gave them backdoor access to many people’s private lives, an ongoing PREMIUM TIMES investigation has revealed.

Our findings show that Rotimi Amaechi, former Rivers state governor; Godswill Akpabio, former Akwa Ibom state governor; and Emmanuel Uduaghan, former Delta state governor illegally
acquired technologies that allowed them conduct mass surveillance and hack people’s gadgets, mainly to eavesdrop on their conversations, know who they talked with and what their plans were.

These three formers governors are the latest privacy violators and spymasters weeks after Mr. Dickson was exposed for similar illegal practice. They all exited office as governors in May, following the end of their second term in office. Most of the hacking carried out by the governors occurred within the last four years, during the last term of their two-term tenures as governors and at times in liaison with compromised federal security authorities.

In fact, those who should know said some officials of the State Security Service, SSS, colluded with the governors as they engaged in massive hacking, helping disguise their acts as
federal security projects. Officials at the office of the National Security Adviser admitted demanding explanations from the hacking governors over their illegal surveillance programmes at different times with each of them giving similar excuses.

“They claimed they were using it to track
kidnappers,” officials at the office of the National Security Adviser said. “The governors claimed they were carrying out the operations with the SSS, but our investigations showed they were running it from their offices.” Investigators from the office of the National Security Adviser later found the governors’ claims that they were hacking phones to track kidnappers to be false, suggesting the governors targeted political superiors, associates and peers, while using the SSS to disguise the expedition as approved national security projects.

Some politicians and businessmen interviewed for this story from the affected states said they knew all along that these governors monitored
their communications illegally.

A contractor from Akwa Ibom said Governor Akpabio refused to pay him for the project he executed for the state after he tapped his phone and overheard some critical comments he made about the former governor to some friends.

“He once boasted to me that he knew what I was doing and what I was saying about him,” the contractor said. Rivers  State The Rivers spying program started in 2008– in the wake of the Niger Delta amnesty program–as a security contract targeted at helping the police in the state respond faster to crime scenes using a C4i (Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence) technology deployed by an Israeli military security firm, MPD Systems.

The project saw the Rivers State government and MPD Systems train at least 1,500 security officials, providing the perfect ‘federal’ cover under which the political spying was carried out.
The spokesperson of the Amaechi regime, Ibim Semenitari, argued that the project could not have been used for spying on politicians.

“Given the well publicized infractions between the Rivers State Government and the GEJ (Goodluck Ebele Jonathan)-led federal Government the state would not have been able to embark on the issues raised without the security agencies clamping down on its officials,” she said. She also argued that the project was approved by late former president, Umaru Musa yar’Adua, after a presentation attended by Nigeria’s service chiefs at the time and the then head of the SSS, Afakriya Gadzama.

“Equipment were imported with the approval of the NSA,” and “The outfit was manned by security officials drawn from the Police and SSS who were responsible to their state commands,”
Ms. Semenitari argued. The office of the National Security Adviser denied issuing the End User Certificate for C4i. Also, the command centre was installed and operated from the Government house, rather than the SSS or Police department. Mr. Amaechi’s last term as Rivers state governor was very turbulent. He fell out with his close allies, including former first lady, Patience Jonathan, and the current governor, Nyesom Wike. His deputy governor jumped ship few days to the elections.

The state recorded an unprecedented level of political violence in the run-up to the general elections. Mr. Amaechi’s political party, the All Progressives Congress lost that election in the
state. A commission of inquiry Mr. Amaechi empanelled to probe the election violence recorded at least 30 deaths of the former governor’s party members. The opposing Peoples Democratic Party boycotted the inquiry.
Akwa Ibom state Even though Mr.

Akpabio and his Rivers counterpart disagreed on many fronts, their appetite for surreptitiously collecting private data from their political associates and rivals appear to tally. Both former governors started their spying facilities on similar premise – to fight kidnapping and other related crimes. “We knew that he (Godswill Akpabio) acquired a device to monitor people’s telephone calls but there was absolutely nothing we could do,” Umana Okon who was secretary to the state government when the device was installed said.

“The device was acquired at the time kidnapping was quite high in the state. But after kidnapping abated, it was used to monitor telephone calls of private citizens and government officials.”
The period when Mr. Akpabio used the phone hacking tools in Akwa Ibom also coincided with a period that was fraught with political assassinations, kidnapping and intimidation. The National Security Adviser, once in 2012, declined to issue Mr. Akpabio an End User Certificate to buy Hacking Team’s cyber warfare
tools.

The Akpabio regime in Akwa Ibom denied running the hacking facility. Aniekan Umana, the state’s commissioner of information – he was also the information commissioner under Akpabio – said Mr. Akpabio never ran any private security facility, insisting that everything security was run by the SSS and police.

Officials of that government who spoke to PREMIUM TIMES in confidence however confirmed the existence of the spying facility. Like Rivers’, Mr. Akpabio’s spying facility was also installed and run from the governor’s office rather than the SSS or police department. The state government also denied the claims. “The governor (Mr. Akpabio) has no need to hack anyone’s phone,” Aniekan Umana said. He claimed that when the state sought the Hacking Team’s tools, it was to help the security agencies.

When the spying became very obvious, many politicians who felt their privacy had been invaded complained to the National Security Adviser but nothing was done. With a new government installed since May 29, the opposition in Akwa Ibom are now calling for a full-scale investigation of the surveillance
programmes and its privacy breaches.
“If the law was breached in any way, those guilty will be made to face justice. That is the minimum we expect from the Federal Government,” Mr. Okon, now an opposition leader, demanded.

Delta state
Delta state was not as violent as both Rivers and Akwa Ibom state during the last elections. But Emmanuel Uduaghan, the state’s former governor who operated the spying tools – also from his office building – cited kidnapping as the reason for purchasing the tool. Mr. Uduaghan could not be reached for his comments. Text messages and telephone calls to his spokespersons were neither answered nor returned.

Political Goons, Cyber Bullies The Rivers state C4i, Ms. Semenitari claims, was handed over to the new government, suggesting it is probably still in use. The Akwa Ibom facility is still in use in the governor’s office, our sources said.
The current state of the Delta state spying facility is unclear. The office of the National Security Adviser claims the hacking governors repeatedly ignored warnings to discontinue their “illegal” projects, in apparent abuse of their political influence.

Mr. Amaechi was a strong member of the then ruling Peoples Democratic Party and Chairman of the Nigeria Governors’ Forum at the time. He
later fell out with former President Goodluck Jonathan and became the leader of President Muhammadu Buhari’s campaign team. He is currently a close ally of Mr. Buhari, Messrs. Akpabio and Uduaghan were strong allies of former President Jonathan. Mr. Akpabio later became chairman of the PDP Governor’s Forum. He is now a serving senator and Minority leader of the Senate.

Bayelsa Hacking Team
At the time the NSA was probing these three governors, the hacking expedition of the Bayelsa state governor, Seriake Dickson, was largely unknown. Until it was exposed by PREMIUM TIMES, Mr. Dickson’s hacking activities were stealth and done without permission by the office of the National Security Adviser. It was only revealed after Hacking Team, the Italian cyber weaponry firm, which provided Mr. Dickson with attack tools was itself hacked early July and internal company documents leaked to the public.

The documents indicate governor’s hacking activities began in 2012 and lasted through 2013, according to Hacking Team’s leaked internal company documents. In Nigeria, only federal security agencies are allowed to acquire cyber attack and defence tools. And when they did, it has to be with the permission of the National Security Adviser who provides End User Certificates. The right to either intercept communications or act to suspend rights in the face of national security rests with the Federal Government.

None of the hacking governors got either
permission or End User Certificates from the Office of the National Security Adviser before embarking on their privacy-breaching surveillance.

In fact, the former Akwa Ibom state governor, now a senator, once failed to secure an End User Certificate from the NSA to buy Hacking Team’s Galileo in 2013. Cyber security analysts say data acquired by the hacking governors may have been used– and could be used in future – for cyber bullying, intimidation and blackmail. These illegal hacking activities of politicians spotlights the vulnerability of the private lives of
many Nigerians. The Hacking Team’s hack revelations and this, from the office of the National Security Adviser, shows anyone – individuals and organizations – with enough financial and political clout can acquire and
deploy hitech hacking tools and illegally collect private data from targeted Nigerians.

“Unfortunately, the law that should protect the right to citizen privacy, and allow them seek redress if illegally hacked, doesn’t exist in Nigeria,” Gbenga Sesan, Executive Director, Paradigm Initiative Nigeria said. “That’s one of
the reasons why all the biometric information being obtained by banks (BVN), NIMC (NIN), etc, are unsafe and should be halted until data protection is guaranteed in Nigeria.” If the former NSA, Sambo Dasuki, who probed
these former governors had opted to prosecute them, he would have been held back by the lack of clear laws against the former governors.

Nigeria’s CyberCrime law was only enacted in 2015. A section of the law which could be deployed to punish the hacking governors prescribes a prison term of not more than two years, or a fine of N5 million or both. “Unauthorised surveillance of individuals is ethically wrong even if our laws are fuzzy about
our rights to privacy from digital intrusion,” Femi Longe, co-founder of Co-Creation Hub, argued.

“Heaven knows how they have used the
information obtained illegally to pervert justice and unduly influence individuals within and outside the state.”

Infodynamix

Mavin Crew Set To Tour The UK

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Mavin Head Honcho, Don Jazzy and the rest of the Mavin crew would be in the United Kingdom for their first tour.

The crew, including Tiwa Savage, Reekado Banks, Dr Sid, Korede Bello, D’prince and D’ija, will make their first stop at The Ritz in Manchester on October 21 and then they’ll proceed to Indigo O2 Arena on October 23.

The Mavins tour in the United Kingdom will be hosted by one of UK’s finest comperes, ‘T Boy’.

Infodynamix

How To Create Your Own BBM Channel

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Its time to go flexible and smart,
Blackberry are really doing great to keep
Blackberry messenger more interesting and flexible, The New BBM versions has
introduce a new feature called Channel .If it is not in your BBM channel, upgrade now. (It is no more hanging your phone. The hanging problem has been fixed)

Channel now gives you an avenue to share a post and get people like and comment on it, just like a blog or facebook. Below are steps of how to create your own BBM Channel
Click on the channel icon, on you BBM,

1)If its your first time of clicking on it, it will prompt you to add your age etc,

2)click on create new channel

3)put any name you want it be,

4)set up the profile information, and start inviting your bbm friends to join channel.

5) if you are using PC to read this post scan bar code below to join Infodynamix channel now. or
click HERE

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Thanks for subscribing to our channel

Infodynamix

ASUU To Embark On An Indefinite Strike Again

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The  Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) is planning to embark on another indefinite strike anytime from the month of August.

As a result many schools are pushing their academic calendar  forward so as not to be caught up with this ocean of academic backwardness.

Schools like Federal University of Technology Owerri (FUTO) has moved their exam date to 10th of August, 2015 from the previous date stated by the modified academic calender of 2015/2016 session.

Infodynamix

13 fastest-growing economies in the world

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China’s crazy growth has been one of the biggest stories over the past several decades. But the Chinese economy certainly isn’t the only one posting huge growth rates. We compiled a list of 13 countries with the highest projected compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) from 2014 through 2017 based on the forecasts from the World Bank’s Global Economic Prospects.

Keep in mind that the fastest-growing
economies typically aren’t among the largest, most developed ones. In fact, most of these countries suffer from high income inequality, low levels of per capita gross domestic product, elevated political instability, and rampant corruption.

13. China
2015 GDP : +7.10%
2016 GDP : +7.00%
2017 GDP : +6.90%
2014-2017 GDP CAGR : +7.10%

Economy: China is a manufacturing
powerhouse and exporter, and many believe that its economy will surpass that of the US within the next decade. The government faces major problems, however, as the country transitions into a consumption-based economy. Additionally, per capita income is below the world average.

12. Rwanda
2015 GDP: +7.00%
2016 GDP: +7.00%
2017 GDP: +7.50%
2014-2017 GDP CAGR: +7.12%

Economy: Ninety percent of the population works in subsistence agriculture or mineral agroprocessing, while tourism, minerals, coffee, and tea round out Rwanda’s economy. Though the country has taken significant steps forward since the 1994 genocide, 45% of the population still lives below the poverty line.

11. Tanzania
2015 GDP : +7.20%
2016 GDP : +7.10%
2017 GDP : +7.10%
2014-2017 GDP CAGR : +7.15%

Economy: Tanzania has recently seen high growth rates because of gold production and tourism. The economy also runs on telecommunications, banking, energy, and mining, as well as agriculture. In terms of per capita income, however, the country is one of
the poorest in the world.

10. Mozambique
2015 GDP : +7.20%
2016 GDP : +7.30%
2017 GDP : +7.30%
2014-2017 GDP CAGR : +7.30%

Economy: Mozambique has attracted large investment projects in natural resources, which means the country’s high growth rates should continue. Some analysts believe that Mozambique might be able to generate revenues from natural gas, coal, and hydroelectric capacity greater than its donor assistance within five years. But the vast majority of the country works in subsistence agriculture, and over half the population remains below the poverty line.

9. Bhutan
2015 GDP : +7.90%
2016 GDP : +8.40%
2017 GDP : +7.00%
2014-2017 GDP CAGR : +7.55%

Economy: Bhutan has a small and relatively undeveloped economy that relies on hydropower, agriculture, and forestry. It exports a large amount of hydropower to India, which has the potential to “spur sustainable growth” in the next few years — as long as Bhutan works to fix its “chronic delays in construction.”

8. India
2015 GDP : +7.40%
2016 GDP : +7.80%
2017 GDP : +8.00%
2014-2017 GDP CAGR : +7.57%

Economy: Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s India has received high marks from analysts, even with delayed reforms. The services industry is a major source of India’s economic growth, accounting for nearly two-thirds of its output with less than one-third of its labor force. Yet problems such as corruption, poverty, and discrimination against women and girls continue to hold back the country.

7. Papua New Guinea
2015 GDP : +16.00%
2016 GDP : +5.00%
2017 GDP : +2.40%
2014-2017 GDP CAGR : +7.60%

Economy: Eighty-five percent of the population works in agriculture, and a small sector exports natural resources including mineral deposits such as gold, copper, and oil. But the government has numerous problematic areas, including security for investors, poor investor
confidence, the privatization of state institutions, and the restoration of integrity to state institutions.

6. Cote d’Ivoire
2015 GDP : +8.00%
2016 GDP : +7.70%
2017 GDP : +7.50%
2014-2017 GDP CAGR : +7.80%

Economy: About two-thirds of the population works in agriculture-related industries. The country is the world’s largest producer and exporter of cocoa beans and is also a major player in the coffee and palm-oil industries.

5. Uzbekistan
2015 GDP : +7.60%
2016 GDP : +7.80%
2017 GDP : +8.00%
2014-2017 GDP CAGR : +7.87%

Economy: Uzbekistan has been slowly
transitioning from its Soviet past to a market-based economy. It’s the fifth-largest cotton exporter and also has natural gas and gold.

Notably, the country is working toward
enforcing bans on child labor in its cotton harvesting.

4. Myanmar/Burma
2015 GDP : +8.50%
2016 GDP : +8.20%
2017 GDP : +8.00%
2014-2017 GDP CAGR : +8.30%

Economy: Myanmar, one of the poorest
nations in Southeast Asia, started an economic overhaul in 2011 in an attempt to reintegrate into the global economy. The country has a young labor force and natural resources, and it has attracted loads of foreign investment. Living standards for the majority of population, however, have not improved much.

3. Democratic Republic of the Congo
2015 GDP : +8.00%
2016 GDP : +8.50%
2017 GDP : +9.00%
2014-2017 GDP CAGR : +8.62%

Economy: The Democratic Republic of Congo has huge natural-resource wealth, which it hasn’t been able to efficiently monetize because of systemic corruption, conflict, and political instability. That said, its economic is slowly recovering since the tumultuous 1990s.

2. Turkmenistan
2015 GDP : +8.00%
2016 GDP : +9.00%
2017 GDP : +9.00%
2014-2017 GDP CAGR : +9.07%

Economy: Turkmenistan’s extremely corrupt economy relies on two major industries: cotton and gas. The former Soviet republic, which has the fourth-largest known gas reserves in the world, recently started sending its gas to China, and it may even start shipping gas over to Europe . But “prospects in the near future are discouraging,” however, “because of endemic corruption, a poor educational system, government misuse of oil and gas revenues, and [the capital’s] reluctance to adopt market
reforms,” according to the CIA Factbook.

1. Ethiopia
2015 GDP : +9.50%
2016 GDP : +10.50%
2017 GDP : +8.50%
2014-2017 GDP CAGR : +9.70%

Economy: Ethiopia’s economy is mostly
agriculture-based, but the government has made a push to diversify into manufacturing, textiles, and energy generation. But while the country has seen and (per the World Bank) will continue to see high GDP growth, per capita income remains ones of the lowest in the world.

Infodynamix

MFM Splashes N91m On 180 First Class Graduates

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Mountain of Fire and Miracles Ministries on Saturday offered monetary rewards worth N91 million to its members who earned first class grades from different universities across the country.

The General Overseer of MFM, Dr. Daniel Olukoya, made the announcement in Lagos at
the monthly live broadcast programme of the church, tagged, “Power Must Change Hands,” in Abuja.

According to the News Agency of Nigeria , Olukoya said 180 first class graduates in the 2014 academic year and two others who received NYSC Presidential honours after completing the National Youth Service Corps would get N500,000 each.

Olukoya said the first class honours award started with 12 students but has now risen to 180, explaining that it was meant to encourage hard work among students while also creating time to serve the Almighty God.

PUNCH